Basic Services for online users

Interactive Shell

Shell (sh, csh, tcsh, ksh, zsh, bash, menu)

Shell is the command interpreter for the system
It allows a user to exec all programs and utilities described bellow and many other commands
You can use all Internet services without knowing anything about Unix. Friendly menu system makes it easy to be productive immediately with all of the popular Internet services


SLiRP is a TCP/IP emulator over the (C)SLIP/PPP link-level protocols, which allows a normal user with a shell account on a UNIX system to act like a (C)SLIP/PPP account.

Internet Access


The telnet command is used to communicate with another host using the TELNET protocol


FTP allows a user to transfer files to and from a remote network site

WWW (lynx)

Lynx is a general-purpose distributed information browser and is part of the World Wide Web project

Information Services


finger - user information lookup program. The finger displays information about the system users


whois - Internet user name directory service



mail (elm)

Elm is an interactive screen-oriented mailer program

news (tin)

Tin is a full-screen easy to use Netnews reader


pine - a Program for Internet News and Email



talk to another user
Talk is a visual communication program which copies lines from your terminal to that of another user


ytalk - a multi-user chat programm
YTalk works almost exactly like talk programm, but YTalk allows multiple connections


ircII - interface to the Internet Relay Chat system
The ircII program is a full screen, termcap based interface to Internet Relay Chat. It gives full access to all of the normal IRC functions, plus a variety of additional options

Manage Your Files

editing (pico, joe, vi)

Pico is a simple, user-friendly, display-oriented text editor based on the Pine message system composer
Joe is a poweful ASCII-text screen editor, it has user interface, which is similer to many user-friendly PC editors
Vi is a more complex screen oriented text editor

file list (ls)

This command (ls) displays file/directory names and associated information

remove (delete) file (rm)

This utility (rm) attempts to remove files specified on the command line

uuencode file
uudecode file

Uuencode and uudecode are used to transmit binary files over transmission mediums that do not support other than simple ASCII data

Transfering Your Files

Z-Modem (sz, rz)

These programs use the ZMODEM, YMODEM or XMODEM error correcting protocol to send/receive one or more files over a dial-in serial port variety of programs running under PC-DOS, CP/M, Unix, and other operating systems

zmftp - proxy Zmodem on FTP

ZmFTP receive file from remote host using the Internet File Transfer Protocol and transmits it to the client side using the Zmodem file transfer protocol. Both processes flow simultaneously and asynhronously, it is looks alike client's Zmodem receive file directly from FTP server.


kermit - C-Kermit 5A(190) communications software for serial and network connections: modem dialing, file transfer and management, terminal connection, character-set translation, and script programming.